Petrenko leads Baltimore Symphony in incendiary Shostakovich
Vasily Petrenko has had a long relationship with the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra over the years, but his last visit here was in 2011. In 2013, the Russian maestro took over as chief conductor of the Oslo Philharmonic, where his mentor Mariss Jansons made his mark. Petrenko returned to Baltimore this week to conduct a fierce and gorgeous rendition of Shostakovich’s Tenth Symphony Friday night at Meyerhoff Symphony Hall.
In 2013, Petrenko made a statement to a newspaper reporter in Norway that “orchestras react better when they have a man in front of them.” One suspected that he would not be invited back to conduct the ensemble of Marin Alsop, who at the time was just about to become the first woman to conduct the Last Night of the Proms in London. Petrenko later claimed that he was mistranslated.
Whatever his opinions on women conductors, the results Petrenko achieved at the podium were incendiary. As shown by his highly regarded Shostakovich cycle with the Liverpool Philharmonic on the Naxos label, the conductor is a supremely inspired exponent of this repertoire.
Although the Tenth Symphony was premiered around the time of Stalin’s death, it was hardly a moment of anti-Soviet liberation for Shostakovich, as sometimes claimed. By 1960, the composer had become a member of the Communist Party, an act that dispirited many actual dissidents at the time. By this point, as author Laurel Fay put it, Shostakovich “had ceded unconditionally his signature, his voice, his time, and his physical presence to all manner of propaganda legitimizing the Party.”
Petrenko never let the often understated first movement slacken, coaxing out a rich, string-dominated sound and whipping the ensemble into a menacing howl as needed. He kept the balances optimal around the orchestra, providing a comfortable sonic envelope to the delicate woodwind solos.
In the second movement Shostakovich quotes a folk dance from Georgia, the birthplace of Joseph Stalin, whose death coincided with the completion of this symphony in 1953. A maniacal tempo made the brutal second movement an unflinching account of bone-chilling terror.
Shostakovich reveals the symphony’s real subject matter in the third movement, with two themes that are juxtaposed for the rest of the piece. The Allegretto had a weighty dance-like feel, with the composer’s name theme plodding through it clumsily. A beautiful French horn solo calmed the music by introducing the other name theme, for the young pianist Elmira Nazirova. Shostakovich had gone to Azerbaijan to visit his former student in 1952, playing a recital there to a near-empty hall.
Shostakovich’s love was unrequited, but the story fits with Shostakovich’s vague description of the symphony’s program at the time as one of “human feelings and passion.” Near the end of the third movement, as some tender violin solos approached, one of the strings broke on concertmaster Jonathan Carney’s violin.
Without missing a beat, acting associate concertmaster Wyatt Underhill handed Carney his violin to use for the solos and quietly replaced the broken string in time for most of the fourth movement. Petrenko did not rush through the finale’s Andante’s slow-burning solos from oboe and flute. That made an agonizing setup for the concluding Allegro’s Offenbach-like galop punctuated by the return of the DSCH motif in a final, crazed declaration.
Petrenko’s strong hand at Beethoven was less expected. In the Overture to Coriolan the opening chords punctuated by stark silences were crisp and perfectly placed, a tribute to the efficiency and precision of Petrenko’s gestures. As in the Shostakovich the tender second theme was not allowed to wallow rhythmically, and the voicing across the orchestra brought out the lurking dissonances in some of the large brass chords.
Soloist Inon Barnatan gave a sensitive, beautifully shaded performance in Beethoven’s Piano Concerto No. 3. Petrenko helped shape the orchestral portions, with every phrase leading somewhere and receding, and strong dynamic contrasts and vivid articulations enlivened this familiar music.
The outer movements leaned fast and brilliant, so much so that the solo part lost some clarity around the edges in Barnatan’s hands. In the slow movement Petrenko tried to push Barnatan out of a somewhat self-indulgent tempo, driving forward where he could. Unfortunately, the Allegro tempo of the finale was already so fast, there was little room to speed up for the Presto finale.
The program will be repeated 8 p.m. Saturday in the Music Center at Strathmore and 3 p.m. Sunday at Meyerhoff Symphony Hall in Baltimore. http://www.bsomusic.org/calendar/events/2016-2017-events/shostakovichs-symphony-no-10.aspx